Iran owes its glorious history to the three great Aryan peoples who established governments on Iranian soil; The Medes, the Persians, and the Parthians, but the Persians were more able to give power to this country than the others.
As the founder of the Achaemenes dynasty, Cyrus is known in Iran and worldwide for his justice and peace. The Tomb of Cyrus the Great is visited by many Iranians every year on October 29 in honor of this famous king.
One of Shiraz’s most popular tourist sites is the tomb of Pasargadae World Heritage Site located in the ancient region of Fars.
In addition, the tomb of Cyrus is one of the 26 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Iran that has introduced the greatness and glory of the Achaemenes dynasty to the world. In this article, join the Iran Travel Guide Center to learn the history of the tomb of this great man.
Tomb of Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great is very popular among different nations and religions. The tomb of this great man hosts many tourists who travel to Pasargadae World Heritage Site every year, approaching October 29, the day of commemoration of Cyrus.
This beautiful stone building is one of the most famous works of the Pasargad complex, which is located in the south of this complex and was registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2004 with the number 1106. It is interesting to know that this building was built during the life of Cyrus and was very prosperous. This complex also included Tal Takht, the stone tower, the gate palace, the public palace, the public hall, the presidential palace, and the royal garden.
The Tomb of Cyrus the Great stood in the middle of the royal garden, surrounded by thick walls and stone columns. The guards guarded the area around the clock. Its height of 11 meters on all sides of the plain made it easily visible. The 2500-year-old tombstone of Cyrus the Great is still standing, and the heart of every Iranian and Iran-friend beat for it. In the following sections of this Iran tourism article, we will explain more about the type of architecture of the tomb.
The History and Architecture of the Tomb of Cyrus the Great
Archaeologists date Pasargadae to the Paleolithic period, while the tomb of Cyrus dates back to 530 to 540 BC.
It is believed that this building was one of the sacred buildings built by Cyrus the Great before his death during the Achaemenid period.
A glance at the tomb of Cyrus reveals two main components, namely the stone steps and the chamber above the stairs. Cyrus built this building from marble and limestone quarried from Mount Sivand, 30 km southwest of Pasargad.
As at Persepolis, no mortar was used during the construction of this building, only lead and iron metal packages were used to connect the stones.
This tomb’s six stone steps are arranged on top of each other so that each floor is smaller than the lower floor and each floor is of a different height.
The first floor of this tomb is taller than the other floors and is approximately 1.5 meters high, the second and third stairs are about one meter tall, and the fourth to sixth steps are about 60 centimeters tall.
It is also half a meter wide, but the level of the platform on which the tomb is located is about 7 meters by 6 meters. Thus, this building has a total area of 160 meters and a height of a little more than 11 meters.
Tourist Attractions in Pasargad
The tomb of Cyrus the Great is not the only unique tourist attraction in Pasargadae; there are also such structures as:
Tal Takht Pasargad
Tal Takht Pasargad was originally a ceremonial mansion and was later transformed into a powerful and magnificent fortress by Darius the Great.
Archaeologists believe that Cambyses’ tomb, also known as Suleiman the Magnificent, was a fire temple at the time of Cyrus the Great and resembles Cyrus’ tomb. Pasargad Bolaghi Strait, located in the southern part of the Pasargad Complex. Bypassing through this strait, the Sivand River created a beautiful forest with lush trees.
Many experts believe that Pasargad Persian Garden is the cradle of Iranian gardens since the walls enclose it entirely. The mesmerizing atmosphere created by the water is available in most parts of the garden. Moreover, it is an elegant and symbolic type of architecture.
These places and spectacular buildings will allow us to learn about the history and have a fun and memorable experience.